20+ Difference Between Accounting And Economic Profit

Profit is one of the most closely studied measures of a company’s financial health. Profit is the amount of money made by a company or investment project after deducting all of the associated costs (including taxes and expenditures).

Net income is calculated by deducting operating costs from sales revenue. There are two sorts of profits, economic and accounting.

When a corporation reports a profit in the books, that sum reflects its complete profits, which may include some expenses that were itemized separately.

Comparison Between Accounting And Economic Profit

ParameterAccounting ProfitEconomic Profit
MeaningThe accounting profits of a company will represent the total amount of revenue it has brought in over its fiscal year.Financial profits are the amount of money that remains after all of the organization’s evident and not obvious expenses have been subtracted from the income it brought in. This is the amount of money that is referred to as the organization’s profit. It is possible that these costs are not immediately apparent.
FormulaWhen conducting calculations for accounting, profits are derived by subtracting direct expenditures from total income. This is done to arrive at the net profit. The term “direct expenditure methodology” has been used to refer to this method occasionally.When calculating the whole amount of monetary gain, it is important to deduct all of the expenditures from the total amount of income. It is irrelevant whether or not the costs were incurred directly or indirectly; this step must be completed before the total amount of gain can be calculated.
ImportanceIf a firm maintains in-depth financial records, the information included within such records may be able to provide some insight into the true level of prosperity enjoyed by the company.Gain that is measured in terms of money provides a useful glimpse into the efficacy with which a business’s resources are employed to make profits for the corporation. This is because monetary gain may be turned into a specific amount, such as dollars and cents.
Cost involvedWhen determining a firm’s overall net profit, accountants focus their attention largely on the direct costs of running the company. Mortgage payments or rent are two examples of direct expenses: wage payments and utility bills.When calculating an estimate of the economic profit, it is vital to consider both direct and indirect expenditures. One example of an indirect expense is the opportunity cost, which is the cost associated with resources that are not put to the use for which they were intended.
PrincipleThe recording of monetary value increases is carried out in a manner that is consistent with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).The dominant school of thinking in the field of economics does not ask any questions regarding whether or not a person can achieve their monetary goals in any manner, shape, or form.

Major Difference Between Accounting And Economic Profit

What exactly is Accounting Profit?

Earned profit, net income, and the bottom line are all terms used to refer to what accountants call profit. In contrast to economic profit, which is not shown in financial statements, accounting profit is.

The term “profit” refers to the amount left over after income or sales have been reduced from different expenditures by widely accepted accounting rules (GAAP).

Key Difference: Accounting Profit

  • Profit in accounting is the money a company makes at the end of the fiscal year.
  • In most cases, the economic profit will be less than the accounting profit.
  • Accounting profit is calculated by subtracting development cost provisions, depreciation or non-cash expenditure, and leasing costs from total revenues.
  • If all economic expenses are subtracted from total income, what’s left over is the accounting profit.
  • Accounting profit is relied on heavily by accountants since it considers manufacturing expenses and their effect on earnings.

What exactly is Economic Profit?

Considering the opportunity cost of a company’s resources, economic profit is the amount of money the business makes by selling its wares.

It considers both the potential costs incurred during the time period in question and the explicit expenses that have already been spent. Also included are the implicit costs, which are often the expenses of a company’s resources.

Key Difference: Economic Profit

  • The phrase “economic profit” refers to the amount of money a company makes after deducting its operating expenditures and other non-essential charges.
  • Economic profit is calculated by recycling several different types of revenue and expenditure data under various presumptions.
  • A company’s economic profit may include things like opportunity costs, salvage or residual values, inflation and tax charges, and interest paid or due on cash flows.
  • Economists rely heavily on economic profit because it reveals how much a company maximizes its use of available resources.
  • In most cases, the company’s ultimate goal is to increase its financial bottom line. Assuming accounting profits exceed total implicit costs.

Contrast Between Accounting And Economic Profit

Applies to:

  • Accounting Profit- It is impossible to place an adequate amount of emphasis on the significance of accurately managing a company’s books of account when it comes to gaining insight into the company’s financial operations and performance.

    Maintaining accurate books of account is very important, and its value is impossible to overstate.
  • Economic Profit- Because it also includes a few other components, such as opportunity costs, likely, the monetary benefits may not give a true depiction of the company’s financial presentation.

    This is because the monetary advantages incorporate a few other components, such as opportunity costs. This potential is a reality as a result of the fact that it is comprised of several different elements, including opportunity costs.


  • Accounting Profit- A company’s total revenue is the sum of all the money it brings in from selling its products and services. It may be calculated simply by adding up the total cost of all the items sold.

    In this case, let’s say your company sells 100 pens for $5 apiece. Your total income would be $100 (100 pens x $5). Explicit expenses are those directly related to operating a company.

    A company’s bottom line might be directly impacted by these entries in the ledger. Equipment, rent, COGS, and insurance are all examples of typical business outlays.
  • Economic Profit- Both accounting and economic profit use revenue and explicit expenses in their computations, but economic profit also factor in the opportunity cost of capital.

    When making a decision, you incur an opportunity cost, which is the sum of all potential earnings that you forego due to that decision.

    Since the implicit cost is only the best guess utilized for comparative analysis, it will not be shown in your official financial records. 


  • Accounting Profit- A business’s method to account for its profits may or may not provide some insight into the firm’s current predicament.

    This information is used by both the Internal Revenue Service as well as stock analysts in order to determine the total amount of back taxes that your company is accountable for in addition to its current financial position.
  • Economic Profit- It is vital to include the opportunity cost when determining the amount of economic profit that may be made since this is the cost that arises from choosing not to pursue a certain path of action rather than another.

    Its most important uses include determining when it is best to enter and exit a market and when it is best to make financial choices.


  • Accounting Profit- Before accurately estimating the amount of profit that may be recorded in the books, it is necessary to first subtract direct expenditures from total sales or revenues.

    This step is necessary before arriving at an accurate estimate of the amount of profit that may be recorded in the books. To calculate the amount of profit, this step has to be taken.
  • Economic Profit- To determine a firm’s financial profit, you must first determine the total income or sales for the business and then subtract from that figure the total amount that the company spent on its operations.

    Both direct and indirect expenses must be included in the total amount spent on this endeavor.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. How do you determine the amount of economic profit?

To determine the amount of economic profit, you must first total all of the expenses, both explicit and implicit. After that, take that number and remove it from the total income that was generated.

Wages, rent, utilities, and the price of raw materials are examples of prices that are considered explicit. In contrast, opportunity costs, such as the reduction in interest on an investment, are considered implicit costs.

Q2. How do you determine how much money you earn from your business in accounting?

To calculate the accounting profit for a given time period, just subtract the total number of costs or expenditures for that time period from the total amount of revenue made during that time period.

Explicit expenditures include things like the cost of rent, labor, and the purchase of raw materials. Other examples of explicit expenses are electricity bills and rent payments.

Q3. What are the three different kinds of profits?

Gross, operational, and net profit are the three primary kinds of financial gain that may be seen on an income statement. Gross profit is the highest level of financial gain.

Each sort of profit provides analysts with additional information about a company’s success, particularly when compared to the performances of other businesses and other historical periods.

Q4. How can an increase in economic profit be achieved?

Increasing a company’s revenues or lowering its capital expenses are the two primary ways a business can raise its economic value added (EVA).

You may boost your revenue either by increasing the pricing of your products and services or by selling more of them. There are a few different methods, one of which is growing one’s size to take advantage of economies of scale.

Q5. What happens if there is a loss in economic profit?

The figure that represents an economy’s profit might even be negative. If there is a positive economic profit, then it is in the company’s best interest to maintain generating money in the field where it is currently operating.

If the company is making a loss from its economic activities, they should withdraw from the market and seek other revenue streams.

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