Difference Between Selection And Recruitment

Both these words, selection and recruitment, are essential, keeping in mind the human resource field. When the recruitment process starts, searching for candidates begins.

The selection process refers to picking the right candidate for a specific job. In other words, both these terms belong to different stages of hiring.

Since hiring a candidate is crucial, it is vital to understand the critical differences between these two terms and the methods applied to make the process practical and functional.

If you understand what recruitment is and what selection is in detail, you will know what things are covered in each and how they help in hiring the right candidate for the job.

What Is Recruitment?

When there is an opening for a particular job, the human resource department becomes active enough and writes and sends the job description as a job listing. The job description and how the candidates will respond at this stage matter.

At this stage, the candidates will send along their resumes. The human resource management would review the resumes and then call the applicants for an interview.

What Is Selection?

The selection process includes selecting candidates who are good enough for the job profile. The candidate’s skills are assessed, and then there might be other processes like aptitude tests and interviews.

At this stage, the HR department may also take up background checks and ask the references about the candidates’ details.

Now since both the terms are defined in brief, you will be able to get a clear picture of the key differences between recruitment and selection.

Key Differences Between Recruitment And Selection

There is a difference in the process.

The recruitment process involves finding candidates who would be suitable for the job profile or the job role. The number of people in the recruitment process will be higher. The reason is that many people would apply when they come across an advertisement or job listing.

On the other hand, the selection process follows the recruitment process. The HR manager or the hiring manager selects the best candidate for the said job. The number will come down here, and the shortlisted candidates will only go through the final selection round.

There is a difference in the order of the process.

When you consider the hiring process as a whole, in that recruitment is the first step of the process.

Selection is the last stage of the hiring process. Thus the order of processes is different.

Application of resources

Since the recruitment process is just the start of the process and in that only the apparent checking and inquiries are made, the resources applied are generally limited.

On the other hand, selection is a fundamental and final process in the hiring task; there might be a need to use some unique resources. Thus, there will be more use of time, energy, and money in this process.

The person who takes an action

In the recruitment process, the job role is written and advertised. It is the candidate who has to take action. Taking action means applying for the job.

In the selection process, the human resource department or the hiring manager takes action.

They will shortlist the candidates and then move toward the next process, which may include aptitude tests, special interviews, etc. But finally, this process includes identifying and picking a suitable person for the job.

The difference in cost

There is a difference in costs too. In the recruitment process, the cost might be minimal.

The advertising costs are involved, but in the world of social networking platforms and social media, advertising costs are too low. The recruitment process will bear low costs.

On the other hand, the selection process might be expensive compared to the recruitment process. There is more involvement of resources, so the cost tends to be high.

Apart from the above, it is also essential to understand the recruitment and selection methods. It will also provide better guidance in understanding the methodological differences between the two terms.

Methods Of Recruitment

By knowing the recruitment methods, there will also be clarity for productive hiring strategies. Different companies may use different recruitment methods. But, it is vital to understand them to create a recruitment structure for your company.

Employee referrals

The employee referral program is one of the leading recruitment methods that involves the discussion of required job profiles among current employees.

They must refer their friends and relatives who may be interested in the specific job role. If the candidate hired is the employee’s relative, the employee will get a monetary incentive. This method is cost-effective and quite common.

Checking the stored resumes

Every company may have stored resumes, and when they want to hire a person for a relevant job role, it is essential to check the data pool that the company has. It may bring out some good options.

Promoting the opportunity at the job fair

The company should keep an eye on specific events like a job fair. The employer can take part in these fairs and boost the recruitment process.

Advertising in newspapers and on social media

These are standard nd popular methods of recruitment. The advertisement will be posted on various social media platforms and in the local newspaper.

Contacting boomerang employees

To empower the recruitment process, the company can also contact the boomerang employees or past employees who had previously worked for the company and are now working elsewhere.

? Take a moment to have a look at Selection Process Guide

Methods Of Selection

Selection is the end of the hiring process. It involves various methods because it is crucial to identify the best candidate and offer him the job.

Here’s a list of some of the essential selection methods.

Checking the application in detail

It is important to check or screen the applications in detail. Only when the company knows which candidates are suitable for the position will they be able to hire them.

So, an essential thing that the selection process involves is screening resumes.

Taking skill tests

This method is equally important when hiring a candidate for a specific role. The skill test should include these challenges if the job role requires the candidate to work on computer programs.

Taking interviews

The HR persons or hiring manager will take the candidates’ interviews and might come to a conclusion or need for further tests or special interviews.

The next stage of interviews may be unique, team, or employment interviews.

Understanding the core qualities of the candidates

This stage includes understanding the main qualities of the candidate.

The person taking the new job should have the relevant skills, integrity, better decision-making power, etc.

Taking background checks

The selection process may be based on methods like background checks too. If the applicant has a good background, then there are higher chances for the person to get selected.

With the above details, it is clear that both recruitment and selection processes are essential for hiring the right candidate for the specific job role.

Difference Between Selection And Recruitment

Recruitment is the process of identifying and attracting potential candidates for a job vacancy in an organization.Selection is the process of assessing and evaluating candidates to determine their suitability for a specific job role.
The primary goal of recruitment is to create a pool of qualified candidates for the selection process.The primary goal of selection is to identify the best candidate for the job vacancy.
Recruitment is the initial stage of the hiring process, where the organization seeks to attract and generate interest from potential candidates.Selection is the subsequent stage of the hiring process, where the organization evaluates the candidates and decides who to hire.
Recruitment is a proactive process, where the organization reaches out to potential candidates through various channels, such as job postings, career fairs, social media, and employee referrals.Selection is a reactive process, where the organization evaluates the candidates who have expressed an interest in the job vacancy.
Recruitment involves creating job descriptions, posting job ads, reviewing resumes, conducting initial screenings, and scheduling interviews.Selection involves conducting interviews, reference checks, skills tests, and background checks.
Recruitment is focused on attracting a broad pool of potential candidates with the right skills, qualifications, and experience.Selection is focused on assessing the candidates’ suitability for the job vacancy based on specific criteria, such as job-related skills, cultural fit, and behavioral competencies.
Recruitment is generally a more time-consuming process than selection, as it involves screening a large pool of potential candidates.Selection is a more intensive process than recruitment, as it involves evaluating the candidates in-depth and making a final hiring decision.
Recruitment is an ongoing process, as organizations always need to be prepared to fill vacancies as they arise.Selection is a one-time process for each job vacancy.
The outcome of recruitment is a pool of qualified candidates from which the organization can select the best candidate for the job vacancy.The outcome of the selection is the hiring of the best candidate for the job vacancy.
Recruitment is the first step toward building a strong talent pipeline for the organization.Selection ensures that the organization hires the right candidate who fits the job requirements and organizational culture.
Difference Between Selection And Recruitment


Using the correct terms while describing the hiring process is critical in enhancing understanding of the concepts.

Thus, the above information about the key differences between recruitment and selection not only defines the said terms but also provides information about the methods both processes employ.

Considering the recruitment strategies and selection strategies in depth can boost the process’s functionality.

The hiring process is complex, but when the proper recruitment and selection methods are used, the job will go to the right candidate. When a qualified employee gets the job, it is good for the company’s prospects. Employees are the assets of a company.

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