20+ Differences Between Payable And Receivable (Explained)

Receivables and payables are business’ yin and yang. When revenues and expenses balance, the firm may embrace growth opportunities and maintain favorable customer and supplier relationships.

A company’s accounts payable (AP) ledger contains its short-term liabilities, such as debts to suppliers and creditors. AR are funds expected from customers and partners.

Balance sheet current asset. AP and AR help lenders and investors measure a company’s financial health. Growing the company and retaining consumers need both income and expenditure. 

Comparison between Payable And Receivable

What it isThe amount of money anticipated to be received by the firm in the future for the services and items acquired on credit from the various suppliers. This sum of money is referred to as the company’s accounts receivable. The term “accrued revenue” refers to the amount of money the company has earned.The amount of cash that an organization expects to receive in the future as payment for products and services given to clients on credit and bought by those customers. This amount is referred to as the company’s expected cash receipts.
ClassificationThis particular phrase is about a category referred to as “current obligations,” which is also the name of the subcategory comprised of payables. Furthermore, this phrase refers to the subcategory that is comprised of payables.Receivables are considered current assets on an organization’s balance sheet because of accounting standards regulations.
OffsetThe amount that is owed cannot have a reduction of this sort applied to it since it is not conceivable.If necessary, the allowance amount for dubious accounts may be deducted from the value of the receivables. This may be done if it is essential to do so.
Type of accountsPayables comprise several sorts of accounting, including sales payable, interest payable, and income taxes due.There is just one form of account that can be categorized as a receivable: a trade receivable. A receivable is a debt that a business owes to a customer. Receivables are a kind of asset that represents money that is due to a third party. To put it in the simplest terms possible, a receivable is an account that is owed money.
ImpliesA person or organization’s “total debt” refers to their monetary commitment to repay another entity for a certain sum of money. This may be in the form of a loan or a line of credit.Putting in the work to widen one’s financial resources is of the highest significance and should be a top priority for anybody. This is because it is of the utmost necessity to broaden one’s financial resources.
comparison between payable and receivable

Significant Differences Between Payable And AReceivable

What exactly is Payable?

Accounts payables are monies owed to suppliers and other creditors for goods and services. AP excludes salary and long-term debt like a mortgage but includes debt payments.

Accounts payable are documented after receiving an invoice depending on both parties’ agreed-upon payment arrangements.

When the finance team gets a legitimate bill, it’s documented as a journal entry and submitted as an expenditure. The balance sheet indicates total accounts payable, not individual transactions. 

Key Differences: Accounts Payable

  • The monies will be distributed to the recipients.
  • This item is categorized as a current liability when included on the balance sheet since it immediately impacts the business.
  • Client’s record.
  • It is considered a financial burden up to the moment it is paid in full.
  • The term “accounts payable” refers to the money that must be paid to the company’s suppliers to get the necessary supplies or services.
  • In the ledger designated for Accounts Payable, the amount of money the company owes to its many different vendors is recorded.
features of payables

What exactly is Receivable?

Customers owe your organization money for billed items or services. Accounts receivable are represented as current assets on the balance sheet and comprise bills for products or labor completed on credit.

Terms vary from net 30 to net 60 or net 90, which a corporation may accept to clinch a deal. A firm may need a deposit for big purchases, particularly custom products. 

Key Differences: Accounts Receivable

  • To get one’s reward in the form of monetary compensation.
  • This component is categorized as a current asset on the balance sheet that the organization always keeps.
  • The record kept by the vendor.
  • It should be counted as income up to the point when it has not been cleared.
  • Accounts receivable is a term used to refer to the sum of money expected to be collected in the future as payment for sales completed on credit.
  • The entry in the ledger for accounts receivable displays the total amount of money due to the company by its customers.
features of receivables

Contrast Between Payable And Receivable

Process of recording: 

  • Accounts Payable- In accrual accounting, unpaid costs stand-in for cash events. Say our eyeglasses producer buys $1,000 from Frames Inc. and pays 50% advance and the rest on delivery.

    The expenditure is realized when inventory goods, like frames, are sold. When invoiced, the whole amount is recorded as an expenditure (assuming the goods or services have been provided).
  • Accounts Receivable- When you use accrual accounting, the whole amount of your receivables is recorded in the general ledger under the heading for current assets.

    When bills are paid, the finance department accounts for the payment by crediting the relevant liability account and debiting the accounts receivable account. In addition, any applicable late fines would be included in the accounts receivable section of the ledger.

Balance sheet: 

  • Accounts Payable- Accounts payable are often shown in the balance sheet section designated for a company’s current liabilities.

    This is because accounts payable are a kind of obligation with a short-term time frame. The component of the balance sheet that goes by the label “current liabilities” is the section that really has that designation.
  • Accounts Receivable- You should be able to find a column on the balance sheet’s area devoted to current assets labeled “accounts receivable,” and you should be able to read the information written in that column. You could stumble upon something, and that’s a good possibility.


  • Accounts Payable- To ensure that a company is held completely accountable for what it does, the onus of accountability has to be put firmly on the shoulders of the company itself.
  • Accounts Receivable- Those persons or organizations who are judged to be legally liable for the results of their acts are the ones who are compelled to account for their behavior. Those who are obliged to account for their behavior are called accountable.


  • Accounts Payable- Payables may include a wide variety of other accounts, including but not limited to trade payables, sales taxes payable, income tax due, and interest payable, to name just a few of the potential candidates.

    Payables may also include a wide variety of other accounts, including but not limited to trade payables, sales taxes payable, income tax due, and interest payable. Payables may also contain interest that has accumulated over time.
  • Accounts Receivable- Receivables often only include a trade receivables account and a non-trade receivables account, both of which are kept in their own separate records and are not connected to one another in any way.


  • Accounts Payable- Payables do not become eligible for a tax deduction under any circumstances.
  • Accounts Receivable- Receivables can be balanced out by the provision for bad debts, which is a provision set up to cover bad debts.

    Receivables have the potential to be balanced out by the provision for bad debts. This provision was established solely to provide coverage for delinquent bills.


  • Accounts Payable- Some people are behind on their payments, and some loans have not been returned promptly by those who borrowed money to pay for the loans but have not yet given back the money they borrowed to repay the loans.
  • Accounts Receivable- In addition to customers who are behind on their payments to the firm, some customers are behind on their payments to the company.


  • Accounts Payable- The “accounts due” section of the company’s financial records will include the total amount of money the business owes to its various creditors and suppliers.

    This information will be found in the company’s financial records. The company’s financial records include a section that can be found here.
  • Accounts Receivable- In the ledger entry titled “accounts receivable,” the entire amount of money owed to the company by its customers is reported.


  • Accounts Payable- The fact that the client had used credit to pay for one of their earlier purchases served as the impetus for creating this account. This account was created because of this customer’s prior use of credit.
  • Accounts Receivable- This account was opened as a direct result of the transactional buying and selling of various goods and services spanning a wide range of categories.

    This account was established as a direct consequence of the transactional buying and selling of various goods and services.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. When someone uses the phrase “accounts receivable turnover ratio,” what exactly do they mean?

The accounts receivable turnover ratio, also known as the “receivable turnover” or the “debtors turnover” ratio, is a measurement that determines how successfully and quickly a company converts its account receivables into cash within a specific accounting period.

Other names for this ratio include the “receivable turnover” and the “debtors turnover” ratio.

Q2. Exactly what is it that both Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable share?

At the level of the individual transaction, each invoice has a party to whom it is due and a party to whom it is receivable.

To have a complete picture of a company’s financial health, it is necessary to look at both accounts payable and accounts receivable (which are, respectively, a liability and an asset in the general ledger). The accounts payable and receivable need equal focus from the chief financial officer.

Q3. What are the four roles that account payable plays in an organization?

A few of its responsibilities include reconciling processed work by verifying entries and comparing system reports to balances, maintaining historical records, paying employees by verifying expense reports, and preparing paychecks.

Payroll, purchase orders, invoices, and statements are only some of the sources of income and outlay that must be tracked and reconciled, along with any other processing activity.

Q4. Which accounts do changes to accounts payable affect?

On a balance statement, payables to suppliers are shown as a current liability rather than an asset. The subsidiary ledger for accounts payable is where you should record the details of individual transactions.

Cash flow, credit, borrowing costs, and a company’s appeal to investors are all impacted by how accounts payable are handled.

Q5. What do we mean when we talk about the significance of accounts receivable?

The amount of money owed to a company by its customers for products or services that the company has previously rendered is the amount that is measured by accounts receivable.

Investors will be able to acquire a better understanding of a company’s overall financial health and liquidity by doing an analysis of the company’s accounts receivable.

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