What Is Extrinsic Motivation? Definition, Examples, Benefits

Motivation is the power that impacts a person to perform a particular undertaking or conduct. 

The extrinsic motivation brain research definition alludes to the power that affects a person to play out a way of behaving or task since it brings about an outer prize or gives support. 

Extrinsic motivation is frequently alluded to as outside motivation due to the external variables that impact the person to follow through with something. An outer element is an external power, like cash, acknowledgment, or notoriety.

As indicated by clinicians, extrinsic motivation can adversely affect conduct. Using extrinsic motivation in circumstances that an individual doesn’t view as agreeable tends to be advantageous. 

Even though it may very well be valuable to involve extrinsic motivation in specific cases, it can likewise have unfortunate results. 

For instance, when outer prizes are presented, an individual might lose inner motivation. Decreased internal motivation can diminish satisfaction, innovativeness, and learning ability.

What To Know About Extrinsic Motivation?

Extrinsic motivation is being persuaded by outside factors (likewise called extrinsic rewards, for example, getting a prize or keeping away from discipline. 

This is, conversely, with characteristic motivation, in which an inward craving like delight or fulfillment persuades you.

Extrinsic motivation implies that the individual is doing the assignment not because they appreciate it but because they hope to receive something in return. 

In this motivation hypothesis, extrinsic motivation isn’t portrayed by self-assurance but by tension, commitment, or restriction.

Extrinsic motivation is any way of behaving driven by an outer prize. This process concerns you if you are persuaded by a decent check, notoriety, acclaim from family or companions, or even the grades you procure at school. 

It is any motivation that emerges from the outer parts of life for a person. That is contrary to natural motivation, which begins inside every individual. 

Also, it has been found that outside remunerations lose their viability over the long haul, which can prevent extrinsic motivation.

When to Engage and Use Extrinsic Motivation?

Extrinsic motivation is not difficult to take part in any circumstance since it’s not difficult to give yourself or others outer prizes — anything from treats to check rewards — for finishing responsibilities.

There are sure circumstances in which extrinsic motivation is an extraordinary method for accomplishing objectives; for example,

  • To finish momentary jobs you could do without. An outside remuneration for unwanted errands is an excellent method for inspiring yourself for short undertakings — like doing a task like clearing or washing windows.

  • To urge others to increment creation. Directors will utilize raises and rewards to motivate representatives to work harder. Nonetheless, extrinsic motivations go up until this point, and to expand the nature of work, developing the representatives’ inherent motivations is substantially more powerful.

How Does Extrinsic Motivation Work?

Extrinsic motivation is the best motivation for specific circumstances: when you have no private interest in an errand you want to finish. 

Take, for instance, a car technician who goes to work not because they find dealing with vehicles intriguing (which would be inner motivation) but because they need a check to cover the lease and different bills (an outside remuneration). 

In this present circumstance, even though the technician loathes their work, they will, in any case, go to work consistently due to the extrinsic motivation of getting a prize.

Examples of Extrinsic Motivation

Here are some common examples of extrinsic motivation:

  • Taking care of business for cash

  • Seeking an award or a prize

  • Contemplating getting passing marks

  • Effectively getting acknowledgment and commendation.

  • Finishing undertakings to procure a rebate

  • Effectively keeping away from judgment.

  • Utilizing a steadfastness card to acquire focus or win rewards

Examples of Extrinsic Motivation With Description

Money: Many people work because they need money to support themselves and their families.

Grades: Students may be motivated to study and do well in school in order to receive good grades.

Promotion: Employees may work harder in order to receive a promotion or raise.

Public recognition: People may engage in certain behaviors in order to be recognized or praised publicly.

Fear of punishment: Some individuals may avoid engaging in certain behaviors in order to avoid punishment or negative consequences.

Competition: Individuals may be motivated to work harder in order to win a competition or be recognized as the best.

Rewards: People may engage in certain behaviors in order to receive rewards such as gifts, bonuses, or other forms of recognition.

How And When To Use It

Whenever extrinsic motivation isn’t working or relevant, you can utilize extrinsic prizes to assist you with getting propelled.

A few situations while utilizing extrinsic rewards include:

  • While you’re dealing with a drawn-out objective and need little motivating forces to assist you with continuing onward

  • At the point when you are hardly at all about the actual action

  • At the point when you struggle with finding the motivation to why you ought to follow through with something

  • When something is new or requires a new range of abilities that you’re uncertain about

Impact of Extrinsic Motivation

This sort of motivation can be compelling. Consider every one of the models in your existence of things you do to acquire outside remuneration.

Extrinsic motivation is okay. Outside remunerations can be a valuable and powerful instrument for persuading individuals and staying on task. 

This can be especially significant when individuals need to finish something that they find troublesome or dreary, for example, an exhausting schoolwork task or a drawn-out business-related project.

Examples Of Extrinsic Rewards In The Workplace

The four kinds of extrinsic motivation lie in a range of independence, from the most un-independent (remotely managed) to the most independent (incorporated) 7.

To arrive at coordinated guidelines, one requires to have faith in the objective of the action and feel that they pick it openly 8.

Two different elements that can prompt coordinated guidelines are 5:

  • Skill – the capacity to make progress and feel intrinsic fulfillment, and
  • Relatedness – the sensation of being associated with others.

Here are how you might persuade somebody who doesn’t have an extrinsic drive:

1. Track down Valid reasons

Individuals need to have confidence in the worth of a movement to feel persuaded. 

Hence, give valid justifications. Valid justifications line up with the individual’s qualities and necessities.

2. Give Difficulties AND Criticism

Assist an individual with feeling equipped by beginning the action at a score or two past their ongoing skills so it is testing yet also reachable.

As the individual prevails regarding finishing the specific job, continuously stretch their breaking point and add new abilities. Give accurate, productive, positive input without analysis en route.

3. Associate With The individuals Who Are Roused

Individuals are innately inspired to feel a feeling of having a place and make social associations. 

Do an action with somebody engaging and energetic. For instance, track down a pal, get a tutor or join a group.

List of the Upsides of Extrinsic Motivation

1. This motivation can impact people or gatherings and their efficiency levels.

At the point when there are extrinsic motivators set up for people or groups, then, at that point, everybody can get motivation through a similar interaction to build their efficiency. 

Any presence component can improve when compensations are set up for specific behavior. 

You can establish an ideal learning climate for the study hall, further develop expertise-based jobs, and impart a requirement for consistency in getting done with responsibilities.

“Extrinsic motivation can have a strong impact on the human way of behaving. Outside remunerations can be a valuable and successful instrument for getting individuals to remain propelled and on task.”

2. Extrinsic motivation can prompt individual advantages.

When explicit persuasive elements apply at the superior level, then, at that point, it can motivate individuals to act in unambiguous ways. 

This change or improvement in unambiguous cycles wouldn’t happen if the presence of an outside remuneration were not accessible.

Somebody might not want to track down business, but rather the outer element of procuring a check to have a home, vehicle, and food on the table can inspire that individual to work harder to guarantee that their requirements can keep on being met.

“Extrinsic worth is the worth of items, experimental things, have to the action that they fulfill the needs of having a place not entirely set in stone by the intention of a scientific idea,” composed John William Davis.

3. It makes a longing to pursue objectives or dreams.

Having objectives is a good piece of the human experience. At the point when there is something you can pursue, then your endeavors have meaning. 

Life is, at last, a progression of decisions that we make consistently, regardless of whether we intentionally pose ourselves with detailed inquiries that guide our lives constantly.

If you get up in the first part of the day and choose not to petition for legal separation, then, at that point, your choice offers extrinsic prizes which offset what might happen in any case. 

When you make it to work every morning, regardless of whether you disdain your work, the worth of what you procure offsets the scorn you feel.

 Following a way that drives you to a last objective or dream makes an excursion through life that is significant, regardless of whether there are a couple of disappointments you could insight into en route.

4. Extrinsic motivation makes the establishment for endurance.

We continuously work for extrinsic compensations in our specific manner every day. We want to have these outer advantages for our actual endurance. 

There are three central necessities that individuals should have throughout everyday life: food, water, and a safe house. 

Clothing is suitable to have too. The justifications for why we seek after them and how we do it could change, yet the longing to endure is the center driving element in our decisions.

Whether you avoid formal business, tending a nursery consistently makes an extrinsic prize that gives food. You can fabricate a sanctuary out in the forest through your work due to extrinsic motivation. 

We frequently take a gander at this idea for the little compensations throughout everyday life, such as having a great outlook on our work or being more practical. However, it likewise applies to the actual rudiments of life.

5. The rewards can be substantial or mental, nevertheless be advantageous.

Extrinsic motivation is characterized as our decision to participate in a particular action, so an increase is possible in some way throughout everyday life. 

Cash and prizes are significant substantial prizes that can act as motivation factors, yet commendation and public recognition can also serve as an award. 

Guardians won’t give a youngster a prize each time they choose to tidy up their room; they might offer positive recognition that could motivate them. 

Indeed, even an entertainer could take on a job not because it pays a ton but because it could assist them with getting more consideration regarding the work that they’re doing.

Regardless of whether the prizes give a short explosion of movement, their sentiments can transform an outside remuneration into an interior one. 

At the point when somebody extends to laud for an employment opportunity great, the pride that this can motivate can prompt comparative results in store for similar errands.

6. It is an exceptionally effective technique for expanding motivation.

This kind of motivation is potent for creating results. We frequently utilize numerous layers of extrinsic motivation each day, whether that implies shopping at a particular store to gather unwavering focus or a charge card to gather miles so you can get away later in the year. 

Any time we pick a specific way of behaving to collect an outer prize, then, at that point, this is the procedure that we follow.

However long the individual or gathering keeps seeing worth in work, then, at that point, this motivation will remain available.

 If various rewards are accessible after each venture, there can be progressing interest in the cycles because various necessities are met at every endpoint.

7. Extrinsic rewards can assist individuals with setting aside cash.

Setting aside cash is similarly persuasive for individuals to consider procuring it while settling on daily decisions. 

If you cut coupons or quest for promotion codes online before making a buy, then, at that point, you are exploiting this particular advantage. 

You likewise utilize extrinsic worth when you shop the freedom rack at a store, complete errands to avoid judgment, or procure a degree to have a more excellent check to stash some money in the bank. 

When your motivation comes from an external perspective to finish a responsibility, you encounter this process somehow.


Extrinsic motivation does very well in specific circumstances and with particular individuals. 

It tends to be accustomed to getting a move on cause others to do what we need them to. It can likewise yield rather unsurprising results.

Extrinsic motivation is better 100% of the time. When you want to assist people in staying propelled on an errand, utilizing monetary motivations or a reward framework might work in the short run. 

However, to get better long-haul results, take a stab at incorporating guidelines by tracking down the correct explanation, bringing a feeling of capability, and feeling associated.


What Is Extrinsic Motivation?

Extrinsic motivation refers to the drive to engage in an activity or behavior to obtain an external reward or avoid a negative consequence.

How is extrinsic motivation different from intrinsic motivation?

Intrinsic motivation is the drive to engage in an activity for the inherent enjoyment or satisfaction it brings, while extrinsic motivation is driven by external factors such as rewards or punishments.

Is Extrinsic Motivation Always Effective?

While extrinsic motivators can be effective in driving behavior, they may not always be sustainable or lead to long-term success. In some cases, they can even decrease intrinsic motivation and hinder creativity.

What Are Some Examples Of Extrinsic Motivators?

Examples of extrinsic motivators include money, grades, promotions, public recognition, fear of punishment, competition, and rewards.

Can Extrinsic And Intrinsic Motivation Coexist?

Yes, extrinsic and intrinsic motivation can coexist and even complement each other. For example, receiving recognition for a job well done can enhance intrinsic motivation and increase satisfaction with the task.

How Can Extrinsic Motivation Be Used In Education And The Workplace?

Educators and employers can use extrinsic motivators such as rewards and recognition to encourage desired behaviors and improve performance. However, it’s important to use them appropriately and balance them with intrinsic motivators to foster sustained motivation and engagement.

Similar Posts:

Was this article helpful?

Did you like this article? Why not share it: