Three Common Barriers To Equality

Hey there! So, we’re talking about the three biggies that mess with equality at work. First up, there’s bias – those pesky, unfair preconceptions we sometimes don’t even know we have.

Then there’s this thing called ‘unconscious bias training’, but let’s be honest, it’s not constantly hitting the mark. And last but not least, we’ve got unequal pay.

Can you believe in 2023, we’re still fighting for equal pay for equal work? It’s nuts, right? So yeah, these are the hurdles we must overcome to get to a fair workplace.

Top Barriers To Equality

Although we are in the 21st century, there is low equality. Our daily life sheds light on the effects of inequality. People are attracted to a rich, fair, higher caste and people of the same religion. 

They don’t like talking to people who are poor, black, low caste, or follow other religions. 

Because society does not want them to be successful and wealthy, the maids and other employees who work in our homes almost always belong to the lower castes. However, in 2023, the conditions will be much better than before. 

Lower caste people now have many rights and privileges they did not have a few years ago. However, other barriers to equality exist besides caste, color, income, and religion. 


People living in poverty must choose between meeting their family’s basic needs or sending their children to school. 

Some families can incur expenses for school-related items such as uniforms, books, supplies, and exam fees, but they don’t pay them or send their children to schools where they don’t have to pay fees. 

Because of this reason, the government of Africa, the continent with the poorest children, has tried to reduce the school fees for children. 

Despite an improvement in the percentage of students completing lower secondary from 20% in 1990 to 45% in 2014, enrollment remains low compared to the overall rate of 78%. 

Today, schools are still beyond the reach of low-income families; some children have to work or stay home. 

In some areas, especially those facing crisis or conflict with damaged infrastructure and few resources, expensive private schools are rarely the only option because they can afford it.


The social barrier known as gender inequality occurs when people are not treated equally based on gender. 

Genetic, psychological, or socio-cultural differences can explain this treatment. While some divisions have low support, others appear to be social constructs. 

Although current policies in the world lead to inequality between people, it is women who suffer the most. 

Women have gender inequality in many areas, including business, education, and health. 

Studies have shown that the genders view things differently in many areas, including education, life expectancy, personality, interests, family life, occupations, and politics. Sometimes the condition becomes worse when it comes to transgenders.


Color discrimination and inequality is a pervasive and useless inequality in our society. 

Many famous personalities have faced color inequality. But many people today don’t speak about this because they don’t want to waste their time on useless things. 

When they don’t raise their voice against this, people are encouraged that no one can stop them from doing this and color inequalities with more people. 

Some people give opportunities to fair people only and reject black people. They don’t see their skills, talent, and other things which are necessary for the work. 

Starting points

Under what circumstances are each of us born? If you were born in a rich house, you have an advantage. 

All things are readily available for you. But the situation worsens if you are not born into a wealthy family. 

After all, our culture still has a nobility that gives some people an edge over others. According to a recent study, being a man and being white also helps. Women earn 21% less than men, and black men reach 13-21% less than white men. 

Early life opportunities

The inequalities in which we are born have increased with our childhood. Wealthy families can provide better education for their children, which opens up wider opportunities. 

People born into low-income families are likely to be disadvantaged due to the country’s extremely low rate of social mobility. 

Global Impact

Globalization has many positive aspects, but it has also contributed to inequality. More than a billion workers entered the global economy following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the rise of China. 

One of the many consequences of this has been a global decline in the value of labor with low skills and causing an increase in the wages of skilled workers. 

Another global trend that has increased inequality is economic liberalization, which has been adopted in almost all countries.

Taxes and policies

Finally, the tax structure of any country can be progressive or regressive, which restructures how wealth is distributed in the economy. 

Taxation is one of the first ideas that come to mind when we talk about the distribution of wealth, but it is much better at causing inequalities than causing them. 

However, a progressive tax structure can help society progress and prevent the transmission of inequalities from one generation to the next. Surprisingly, the democratic model also matters. 

Another argument for electoral reform is that more proportional governments are more likely to seek equality.

Historical appraisal

There is discrimination against specific social groups. Their choices, opportunities, and access to health, employment, and education have been affected. 

Although laws such as the Reserve Acts have been around many times in many countries, have largely failed to reform society and have only been effective for a small group. 

Traditionally, women were considered inferior and weaker than men. The cost of educating girls is seen as a burden on the family, and employment opportunities for women are limited.

How Can These Common Barriers To Euality Be Reduced?

It is impossible to eradicate inequality. We can only lower it by a few measures and regulations. Like: 

Fiscal policy

Fiscal policy is primarily responsible for achieving income redistribution, but it goes beyond simply transferring wealth from the rich to the poor. 

Financial incentives for less wealthy people in the informal economy can help them to convert into the formal economy, provide social security and facilitate the payment of taxes depending on their status and income. 

On the other hand, financial incentives for banks can encourage them to lend money to low-income people by offering payment guarantees and developing financing initiatives specifically aimed at the poorest.

Target social programs in a better way

Effective targeting of social issues reduces income inequality and health, education, and employment issues. 

Income transfer initiatives can have a more robust and more sustainable impact if they are better targeted, including those with more significant access gaps and income inequalities. 

It can be achieved by geographic targeting or by conducting surveys to determine if a beneficiary is poor. 

Another option is participatory targeting, where community members select beneficiaries and verify their choices. Having a list of welfare recipients at the federal or state level also helps avoid duplication of program efforts.

Participatory decision making

This strategy focuses on amplifying the most disadvantaged. People experiencing poverty face unequal participation in determining public policy.

Inequalities in the power of individuals to make decisions about policies that affect them and their communities can be reduced by designing participatory approaches to integrate their views into public policy genuinely.

Participation is not just about decision-making; It may also involve monitoring and analyzing the impacts and outcomes of social programs.

Measuring other inequalities rather than just income inequality

This type of inequality includes women spending more time in unpaid activities, indigenous groups experiencing higher poverty rates, poor entrepreneurs having more difficulty starting businesses, and women being less likely to attend school. 

Only men have good access to markets, whereas women have less access to markets. Other inequalities, unrelated to unequal income distribution, tend to have systematic and long-lasting effects on a particular population. 

For example, gender inequality is neither new nor accidental, and it can perpetuate the decline of women’s poverty for generations. 

Even if there is no discrimination against indigenous communities today, if positive action is not taken, the effects of the past can still be felt again.

Most inequalities are systemic and perpetuated by institutions, customs, and traditions with legal, economic, and political structures, which limit the participation of people with low incomes temporarily or sometimes permanently. 

Clarifying these disparities can persuade policymakers to create policies that address them more successfully. 


In a nutshell, workplace equality is being harmed by bias, insufficient training, and unequal compensation.

It isn’t rocket science, people. We simply must confront these challenges head-on, and everyone must do their share.

Consider how awesome it would be if everyone got the same shot, regardless of who they are or where they come from. What about workplace equality? Is it past time?

3 Common Barriers To Equality FAQs

Does unconscious bias training help?

Sometimes, but it’s not always practical. Needs better implementation.

Is pay inequality still a thing?

Absolutely, equal pay for equal work is still a battle.

How can we combat these barriers?

By raising awareness, providing practical training, and advocating for equal pay.

Who’s responsible for addressing these issues?

Everyone! We all need to step up and promote fairness.

Keep exploring. Don’t forget to check out the ? articles.

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